Article Index

Postcode for SatNavDT2 0JG
O.S. Landranger Map reference194-592996

Abbotsbury

 

CATTISTOCK

St Peter and St Paul

 

The village of Cattistock is an ancient place with a history reputedly reaching back to before the reign of the King Athelstan (924-39), who was the first recorded king of England and who gave the settlement to Milton Abbey.  Now it is a peaceful and quintessentially English village, which still supports a shop, a pub, a very famous pack of foxhounds and some delightfully rural architecture clustered around the triangular centre.  However,  dominating this and the scene for miles around stands George Gilbert Scott jnr's supremely elegant church tower.

 

 

 

The Trust gratefully acknowledges images and text by Robin Adeney © 


 

The monks of Milton Abbey built a church here in C12, although nothing is now left of that structure.  The present building is essentially Victorian, although the north transept was rebuilt in 1630 by the Rev. John Mayo, with the exception of the Arts & Crafts glazing in the east window, depicting St Dorothy, which is from 1923.  The church is unique in the annals of Dorset ecclesiastical design, because it is the result of a very talented son adding to his father's work.  The nave, south aisle and chancel were entirely rebuilt in 1857 by the eminent London architect, Sir George Gilbert Scott (1811-78).  He was a High Churchman, closely associated with the Tractarian Movement and Gothic Revival and being entirely unconstrained by any notions of humility, he wrote in his autobiography that he considered himself to be a great architect and guided by Providence in all his work!  Certainly, he was professionally very successful and responsible for more than 1000 projects, which included, apart from countless churches, the Albert Memorial, St Pancreas station, 39 cathedrals and many workhouses.  In Dorset apart from Cattistock, he restored Milton Abbey (1865) for the Hambros and designed Holy Trinity, Bimport, Shaftesbury (1841) and Woolland church (dedication unknown)(1857).


 

When Scott snr. arrived there was a gallery that extended for a third of the length of the nave and is said by the excellent church guide to have given the area a "forlorn appearance", so he removed it and installed a new west window, known as the Jesse window.  The Rev. Henry Hughes paid for all Scott's work probably through the sale of land in Wiltshire for railways.  The south aisle is also by Scott snr. and contains some very important stained glass windows. One window, erected in 1882 in memory of Mrs Digby, is by William Morris and Sir Edward Burne Jones and another is by Hardiman.  The south transept Lady chapel is lined with C17 wood paneling and was endowed by the Strodes of Chantmarle.

The baptistry is perhaps the most memorable area inside this marvelous church.  It is dominated by the truly magnificent 20 ft high font cover, designed by Scott junior's assistant and successor, Temple Moore, and installed in 1901-6.  The walls are lavishly decorated with a 1901 mural of St George and the Dragon  by W O & C Powell.

The organ of 1869 is by F W Walker of London.  The octagonal pulpit, adorned by figures of the Apostles in Caen stone, is constructed from Ham Hill stone supported on four columns of Serpentine marble.  The oak lectern of 1922 features a Pelican pecking her breast.

Outside, the building is dominated by Scott junior's superb tower of 1872, which was paid for by the Rev Keith Henry Barnes who was the rector. It was his first major church brief and the structure rises to 100 ft. It was designed to accommodate a baptistry in the base with a ringing chamber above, a clock chamber above that and a carillon chamber at the top.  It proved to be stunningly expensive. From an original estimate of £2,700, it rose in cost to £6,046 when it was completed in 1876.  The clock was certainly designed to be seen from a great distance because it had a face which was almost the entire width of the tower and has been described as being not much smaller than Big Ben!  However, the great attraction was the 35 bell carillon, which was regularly played to the great delight of people who came from far and wide, even before the advent of the motor car.  Quite tragically, since it was not started by enemy action, the tower was consumed by a fire in 1940.  The bells melted and the whole structure had to be pulled down.  It was rebuilt in 1950 using Scott junior's original design by the Arts and Craft architect J.S. Brockerley, although, sadly, there was not enough insurance money to replace the carillon.

This is one of the finest examples of a C19 church in Dorset and handsomely repays a visit.